A civil case is a court case that involves a dispute between either people or businesses, usually regarding a money or injury dispute. Suppose a person or company believes that another person or business has caused them any injury, damage to reputation or financial loss. In that case, this could be classed as a civil case and can be taken to court.

There are three primary outcomes in a civil case.

  • Damages paid – this is where the plaintiff seeks money from the defendant.
  • Injunction – this can be a court order to prevent the defendant from doing something or require the defendant to do something.
  • Declaratory judgement – a court order stating the parties’ rights under a contract or statute. 

A judge will determine the best outcome to resolve the dispute between the plaintiff and defendant. A judge will seek out the facts of the case and decide the outcome based on those facts and the law.